Doctrine of the Church and Church Polity
Confirmation- Baptized Christians making a public affirmation of their faith and commitment to the responsibilities of the Baptism and to receive the laying on of hands by the bishop.
Doctrine of the Church
Doctrine- More or less the official teaching of a faith community.
Dogma- A definitive teaching of the church.
Authority of the church-
Early Christianity- There were multiple problems in the early years of the church, mostly with doctrine. Church leaders identified bad theology as “heresies.”
Two Main Heresies:
1. Arianism- The Eastern Heresy. Arius believed that Christ was a created being from God, an agent for all creation, thus subordinate to God.
Solution- The Nicean Creed
2. Modalism- The classic Western Heresy. Each person in the Trinity has a mode or wears a mask to perform certain duties.
Solution- Condemned at Council of Constantinople in 381.
Richard Hooker- Produced the “three-legged stool.” They consist of scripture, tradition, and reason.
The 39 Articles- An attempt to define doctrine in light of reformation controversies.
Via Media- Latin for “The Middle Way.” It means looking at a situation and taking the middle ground to attempt to understand the problem fully.
Lambeth Conferences of 1886 and 1888—Produced the “foursquare” doctrine of Christianity for the Church:
1. Holy scripture is the revealed Word of God
2. Nicene and Apostle Creed are sufficient statements of Christian Faith
3. There are two sacraments, Baptism and Eucharist, that were ordained by Christ.
4. Upholding of the Historic Episcopate