Today we will look at two areas of history: The English Reformation and the American Church
I. English Reformation
Starts with Henry VIII (1491-1547)
Ruled from 1509-1547
His wives and children were at the focal point of his power. We will look at three of his wives.
2. Anne Boleyn—Elizabeth
3. Jane Seymour—Edward VI
While Henry had his problems with Rome he remained very Catholic, even upon his death.
Before he died he wrote the Six Articles:
1. Upheld Transubstantiation
2. Communion in one Kinds—no wine for the laity
3. Enforced Clerical Celibacy
4. Monastic Vows of Poverty and Chastity
5. Defended Private Masses
6. Private Confession mandated
Life under Edward–
Took the throne at age 9. His advisors, Thomas Cranmer included, were very Calvinist.
He dies in 1553 after only six years on the throne.
Life under Mary—
Took the throne at age 37. She was very Catholic. Got rid of a lot of Ed’s stuff.
Ruled with an iron fist. But lasted only five years.
Ruled from 1558-1603
Elizabethan Settlement- settlement between the two extremes of Catholicism and Puritanism.
The church look likes this: Via Media, A Prayer Book, A National church that was creedal but with the Eucharist at its center.
II. Episcopal Church in America
We look mainly at the years covering 1750 to 1789
Issues for the Colonies:
1. The War
2. Organizing at the State Level
3. Getting a Bishop
4. National Organization
The Solution—Samuel Seabury (1729-1796)
–A priest who served the British in the war as a chaplain and a spy. He was chosen because he could get along with the British.
–He was denied consecration by the English, but was approved by the Scottish Church.
–Consecrated on 11-14-1784 as Bishop of Connecticut
The First Conventions-
The first was held in Philadelphia between 9-27 and 10/7 1785.
What it accomplished-
1. Recommended liturgy like that of the Church of Eng.
2. Held to three-fold order of bishops, priests, and deacons.
3. Canons made from equal parts clergy and laity
4. Proposed to put a bishop in each state
The third convention was, once again, held in Philly between 7-28 and 8-8 1789 and 9-30 and 10-16-1789.
1. Adopted the Constitution with 9 articles
2. Convention to be held every 3 years
3. Adopted 1662 Book of Common Prayer
4. Adopted set of canons
5. Authorized creation of 1st American Prayer Book
The first bishop to be consecrated in America was Thomas Claggett of Maryland. The Episcopal Church was now set as a limited constitutional episcopate free from monarchy or parliament.